When the Qur'an began to be revealed, the first word of the first verse was iqra, 'read.' (96:1) When we reflect on this verse, we find the starting point of Islamic action. It is to start from where there is no fear of violent reaction, from the point where it is possible to continue one's movement along peaceful lines.
At the time when the command of iqra was revealed in the Qur'an, several options existed in Makkah regarding the starting point for the Islamic movement. One option was to begin by launching a movement to clear the Kabah of the 360 idols, which had been placed in it. This option would certainly have provoked a violent reaction on the part of the Quraysh. Another option was to find a seat in Dar Al Nadwah (Makkah's parliament). The third option was to launch a movement to free Muslims from the domination of the Roman and Sassanid empires. This starting point again would have provoked a violent reaction on the part of these forces.
Leaving aside all these courses of action, the option followed was that of studying the Qur'an, about which it was certain that it could be continued peacefully, and that it would not provoke any violent reaction.
The Prophet of Islam adopted this principle throughout his life. His policy was to adopt a non-violent method rather than a violent method. It is this policy, which was referred to by his wife, Aisha: "Whenever the Prophet had to opt for one of two things, he always chose the easier one."
King Talut, David and Goliath
The story of King Talut, Prophet David and Goliath is mentioned in the Glorious Quran as follows:
002.246 Hast thou not Turned thy vision to the Chiefs of the Children of Israel after
(the time of) Moses? they said to a prophet (That was) among them: "Appoint for us a
king, that we May fight in the cause of God."
He said: "Is it not possible, if ye were
commanded to fight, that that ye will not fight?"
They said: "How could we refuse to
fight in the cause of God, seeing that we were turned out of our homes and our
families?" but when they were commanded to fight, they turned back, except a small
band among them. But God Has full knowledge of those who do wrong.
002.247 Their Prophet said to them:
"God hath appointed Talut as king over you."
They said: "How can he exercise authority over us when we are better fitted than he
to exercise authority, and he is not even gifted, with wealth in abundance?"
"God hath Chosen him above you, and hath gifted him abundantly with knowledge
and bodily prowess: God Granteth His authority to whom He pleaseth. God careth for
all, and He knoweth all things."
Allah Creates a Vicegerent
The creation of Adam by Allah T'ala is mentioned several places in the Holy Quran. The first narration appears in Chapter 2 (Surah Al-Baqarah) as follows:
2.029 It is He Who hath created for you all things that are on earth; Moreover His
design comprehended the heavens, for He gave order and perfection to the seven
firmaments; and of all things He hath perfect knowledge.
2.030 Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on earth."
They said: "Wilt Thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed
blood?- whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?" He said: "I
know what ye know not."
2.031 And He taught Adam the nature of all things; then He placed them before
the angels, and said: "Tell me the nature of these if ye are right."
2.032 They said: "Glory to Thee, of knowledge We have none, save what Thou
Hast taught us: In truth it is Thou Who art perfect in knowledge and wisdom."
2.033 He said: "O Adam! Tell them their natures." When he had told them, God
said: "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heaven and earth, and I know what
ye reveal and what ye conceal?"