Musnad Ahmad contains a tradition from Hadrat Umar, saying:
Before embracing Islam one day I came out of my house with a view of causing trouble to the Holy Prophet (s.a.a.w.), but he had entered the Masjid al-Haram before me. When I arrived, I found that he was reciting Surah Al-Haaqqah in the Prayer. I stood behind him and listened. As he recited the Qur'an, I wondered at its literary charm and beauty. Then suddenly an idea came to my mind that he must be a poet as the Quraish alleged. Just at that moment he recited the words: "This is the Word of an honorable Messenger: it is not the word of a poet." I said to myself: Then, he must be a soothsayer, if not a poet. Thereupon be recited the words:"Nor is it the word of a soothsayer: little it is that you reflect. It is a Revelation from the Lord and Sustainer of the worlds." On hearing this, Islam entered deep into my heart.
This tradition of Hadrat Umar shows that this Surah had been sent down long before his acceptance of Islam, for even after this event he did not believe for a long time, but he continued to be influenced in favor of Islam by different incidents from time to time, till at last in the house of his own sister he came by the experience that made him surrender and submit to the Faith completely. (Tafheemul Quran)
Suhaib (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"There lived a king before you and he had a court magician. As he (the magician) grew old, he said to the king: `I have grown old, so send me a young boy in order to teach him magic.' The king sent him a young boy to serve the purpose. And on his way (to the magician) the young boy met a monk to whom he listened to and liked it.Read more...
The story of King Talut, Prophet David and Goliath is mentioned in the Glorious Quran as follows:
002.246 Hast thou not Turned thy vision to the Chiefs of the Children of Israel after (the time of) Moses? they said to a prophet (That was) among them: "Appoint for us a king, that we May fight in the cause of God."
He said: "Is it not possible, if ye were commanded to fight, that that ye will not fight?"
They said: "How could we refuse to fight in the cause of God, seeing that we were turned out of our homes and our families?" but when they were commanded to fight, they turned back, except a small band among them. But God Has full knowledge of those who do wrong.
002.247 Their Prophet said to them:
"God hath appointed Talut as king over you."
They said: "How can he exercise authority over us when we are better fitted than he to exercise authority, and he is not even gifted, with wealth in abundance?"
"God hath Chosen him above you, and hath gifted him abundantly with knowledge and bodily prowess: God Granteth His authority to whom He pleaseth. God careth for all, and He knoweth all things."Read more...