Iraq's War under a Tyrant Dictator
Iran – Iraq War
Iran, with a population of 50 million to Iraq's 17 million, mobilized to defend the revolution. By the summer of 1982 Iraq was on the defensive and remained so until the end in August 1988. The death toll, overall, was an estimated 1 million for Iran and 250,000-500,000 for Iraq.Sep 23, 2010
(CNN)Here's a look at what you need to know about the 1990-1991 Persian Gulf War. In response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in August 1990, the United States and other countries launched a military operation known as Operation Desert Storm.
The Allied coalition was made up of 39 countries: Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Italy, Kuwait, Morocco, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Syria, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates and the United States.
The coalition consisted of 670,000 troops from 28 countries. About 425,000 of the troops were from the United States.
The U.S. Department of Defense has estimated the cost of the Gulf War at $61 billion.
Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states covered $36 billion.
Germany and Japan covered $16 billion.
More than 100,000 Iraqi soldiers were killed.
The United States had 383 fatalities.
|Source||Estimated violent deaths|
|Iraq Family Health Survey||151,000 violent deaths|
|Lancet survey||601,027 violent deaths out of 654,965 excess deaths|
|Opinion Research Business survey||1,033,000 deaths as a result of the conflict|
|PLOS Medicine Survey||Approximately 500,000 deaths in Iraq as direct or indirect result of the war.|
UNITED NATIONS, Nov. 30,— As many as 576,000 Iraqi children may have died since the end of the Persian Gulf war because of economic sanctions imposed by the Security Council, according to two scientists who surveyed the country for the Food and Agriculture Organization. (Published: December 1, 1995)
Dutch peace group Pax says findings show US was in breach of official advice meant to prevent suffering in conflicts.
US forces fired depleted uranium (DU) weapons at civilian areas and troops in Iraqin breach of official advice meant to prevent unnecessary suffering in conflicts, a report has found. Coordinates revealing where US jets and tanks fired nearly 10,000 DU rounds in Iraq during the war in 2003 have been obtained by the Dutch peace group Pax. This is the first time that any US DU firing coordinates have been released, despite previous requests by the United Nations Environment Programme and the Iraqi government.
I put together the first complete data set of suicide attacks after 9/11. I did that because, like many people who come into suicide terrorism, I thought I was going to figure out when an Islamic fundamentalist goes from being a devout, observant Muslim to somebody who then is suicidally violent. But there was no data available, so I put together this complete database of suicide attacks around the world from the early 1980s to 2003.
I was really struck that half the suicide attacks were secular. I began to look at the patterns and I noticed that they were tightly clustered, both in where they occurred and the timing, and that 95 percent of the suicide attacks were in response to a military occupation.
And military occupation matters because it represents not exactly how many soldiers are on a piece of soil, but rather control of the local government, the local economic system, and the local social system. It’s the military occupation of the U.S. and NATO in Afghanistan that allows us to inform and impose change in women’s rights. And I’m not saying that’s a bad thing; what I’m saying is that when you impose women’s rights at the point of a gun, then that creates a sense in the local community that they’ve lost their self-determination. What you’re seeing with not all, but most, suicide terrorists is a response to loss of self-determination for their local community.
The big question remains:
After going through devastating regional wars between Iraq and Iran, Saddam Hussain's brutal reign and his invasion of Kuwait in the background and then the foreign sanctions and invasions, how can Iraqis get rid of terrorism and killings and bring peace, justice and prosperity to Iraq? What can the world do? What are the obligations of the Muslim countries, Europeans and the USA?